The Catholic Southern Front

Chapter 9/19 – The Helper of Monarchs

 

 

 

Saint Stephen the King of Hungary ascended the throne and was coronated with a crown sent from Rome by Pope Sylvester II. Stephen converted his people to Christianity and was a militant King who crushed internal resistance: “He razed to the ground the scum of wickedness” and “…bent the mass of his assailants under the yoke of his rule.”(1) He placed his kingdom under the protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary, proclaiming this intention publicly and offering the work of evangelization and Hungary’s conversion to the guidance of Our Lady, the Mother of God. To increase the people’s devotion to her and in thanksgiving for her heavenly and maternal assistance, King Stephen built a Cathedral in her honor, ‘Our Lady of Alba Regia.’ The King died with words of affection for Our Lady and placed his soul and his country into her protection. He died on August 15, 1038, on the Feast of the Assumption of Our Lady into heaven. Stephen’s canonization took place in 1083, as a relic his forearm is exhibited at Saint Stephen’s Basilica in Budapest. Saint Stephen’s feast is celebrated on December 14.

 

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A descendent of Rollo the Viking convert of Chartres, whose conversion was wrought by Our Lady’s intercession, was the Norman William the Conqueror. In 1051, on the basis that Saint Edward the Confessor had pledged the English throne to him, William intended to conquer England. As a spiritual gift the Pope offered the Norman, a consecrated banner and placed him under the protection of the Blessed Virgin. On September 28, 1066, the Norman armies landed at Pevensey. At the Battle of Senlac or Hastings, William successfully defeated Harold. During the battle, beneath William three horses were killed and for three times the Norman leapt to his feet. Following victory as a sign of penance, the conqueror built an abbey on the battle site, demarcating with a high altar the place where Harold fell. It was called Battle Abbey. In 1066, William was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey. On his deathbed William ordered all his treasures to be distributed among the poor. He admitted of being greatly troubled in spirit, for during his life he caused rivers of blood to flow and now he was about to appear before God. He died commending his soul into the hands of Our Lady, that by her intercession he would be reconciled to her Son. In 1081, Pope Gregory VII in a letter to a friend commented that William, although not as religious as he wished, never destroyed Church property and attended Mass every morning when his health permitted.

In the twelfth century, a certain Richard Wace authored a book titled, ‘The History of Mary’ giving details on the establishment of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. There arises an interesting connection between William’s reign and the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. During his reign, William received the ‘intelligence’ that the Danes were planning mischief against England. He quickly sent an abbot messenger by the name of Helsinus to Denmark. Helsinus accomplished his mission and whilst at sea, enroute back to England, he encountered a large tempest which threatened the lives of all on board his ship. Devoutly the crew cried for the intercession of the glorious Virgin Mary. Surprised, they watched a person clothed in the habit of a bishop walking above the waves towards their ship. The angel called for Abbot Helsinus and inquired whether he wished to return safely to England. Undoubtedly, the abbot and the crew desired this. The angel declared that he was the Blessed Virgin’s messenger and asked the abbot if he would be merciful, to make a covenant with God to hallow the Feast of the Conception of Our Lady and whether he would preach the devotion of her Conception. The eight-day of December was to be the day for this Feast. The abbot also had to include the word ‘conception’ instead of ‘nativity’ within the office of the Nativity of Our Lady. As Helsinus pledged to make known this devotion, the angel vanished and the storm abated. On returning to England and to King William, the abbot informed all regarding the Feast of Our Lady’s Conception. The Feast of the Immaculate Conception is kept to this our modern day, on December 8. In November 29, 2005 Pope Benedict XVI made public a decree whereby the faithful were granted a Plenary Indulgence for celebrating the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception (December 8, 2005). This marked 40 years since the Servant of God Pope Paul VI had proclaimed the ‘Virgin Mary as Mother of the Church,’ and in closing Vatican Council II dedicated great praise to the Blessed Virgin: “Who, as Mother of Christ, is Mother of God and spiritual Mother to us all.”

 

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Saint Bernard and the Cistercians contributed much to the increase of the devotion towards the Blessed Virgin Mary. One of the most ancient murals in France is in the Chapel of the Hospice Saint Julien at Petit-Quevilly. It depicts the Annunciation, the Birth of Christ and the Blessed Virgin suckling the Infant Jesus during the flight into Egypt. The Norman students at Paris placed themselves under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception and this Feast became the “Feast of the Normans,” this appellation does not seem to date beyond the thirteenth century. In the eleventh century, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception was celebrated in England and in Normandy. The Feast of Our Lady’s Visitation to Elizabeth (Saint John the Baptist’s mother), celebrated on May 31, originates from the thirteenth century and was instituted by Popes Boniface IX and Clement VIII.

 

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By the year 1127, the Norman King Roger ruled the regions of Sicily and southern Italy. The Kingdom’s origins are traced to William, Robert and Roger Guiscard de Hauteville. The Norman nephews of William the Conqueror, descended into lower Italy conquering that land. From 1061 to 1091, Roger conquered Sicily from Saracen rule. In July 1090, the Count landed on the Islands of Malta in the Mediterranean and negotiated with the Arabs, who at the time had ruled the Islands for two hundred years. The Saracens were to set free all Catholic slaves, to hand over all their horses, mules, and weapons, to pay a heavy sum and an annual tribute as a sign of defeat and to help the Normans in case of necessity. For the prevention of future invasions of Sicily by North African Saracens, the Maltese Islands were to be conquered. The Catholic slaves greeted Roger with great joy and with the cries of “Kyrie Eleison” meaning “Lord have mercy on us.” On returning home in Sicily, Roger sent messengers to Pope Urban II to place a bishop in Malta. Bishop Gualtieri was consecrated Bishop of Malta and was to be the subordinate of the Archbishop of Palermo. Roger rebuilt cathedrals on all his territories and restored the ones desecrated and destroyed by the Islamists.

King Roger’s death in 1101 was followed by the rule of his son Roger II. The latter conducted another attack on Malta, to subdue the leadership and an Islamic uprising of 1127. In 1128, Pope Honourius II invested Roger II as Duke of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily. In 1130, an anti-pope would later crown him in Palermo and Roger used force on Pope Innocent II to recognize him as King of Sicily and the overlord of all Italy, South of the Garigliano River. After a victory on July 25, at the Treaty of Mignone, His Holiness Pope Innocent III, invested him as: “Rex Siciliae ducatus Apuliae et principatus Capuae.”(2) During October 1144, the boundaries of the kingdom were finally fixed by a truce with the Pope. These lands would, for the next seven centuries, constitute the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily.

In Palermo, in the Cathedral ‘La Martorana,’ there exists a mural icon depicting Roger II in Byzantine robes, symbolically crowned by Jesus Christ. The Cathedral is dedicated to ‘Santa Maria dell’ Ammiraglio’ as it was built in 1143, at the request of George of Antioch, Roger II’s Fleet Admiral. In the Martorana there exists yet another mosaic showing George of Antioch, lying prostrate in homage before the Blessed Virgin. The Mosaic perfectly demonstrates the faith showed by King Roger’s Admiral, George of Antioch, in Our Lady’s intercessory power. In a certain manner this scene evokes to mind the famous megalomartyr, Saint George the Roman Tribune, who in England was referred to as ‘Our Lady’s Knight.’ The similarity evoked by George of Antioch, as being likened with Saint George is no surprise, for the Normans in Sicily were blood relatives of the conquering Normans, who under William the Conqueror defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings. William acknowledged and reaffirmed Saint George’s cult in England. George of Antioch founded the Church of Saint Michael, in Mazara del Vallo and the seven-arched Admiral’s Bridge at the River Oreto in Palermo. Many centuries later and upon this bridge, Garibaldi’s troops fought Francis II of the Two Sicilies. In the Monreale Cathedral in Sicily there exists two mosaics showing Christ crowning William II, Roger II’s son, and William II offering Monreale Cathedral to the Blessed Virgin.

A priest during Roger’s reign catalogued the visions of Roger’s time, which prove that King Roger was not crowned due to his lust and greed for power and pillage, but on the contrary was appointed such by Divine Will. He was set upon the throne primarily to purge the people of their sins. A woman from the valley of Telese recounted to the priest, how one night as she lay asleep the Blessed Mother of God appeared to her in a dream. The woman asked her: “Why is it, Our Lady, that you do not intercede to liberate us from the oppression of this King?” The Blessed Virgin Mary responded, “…dear woman, I cannot satisfy your plea, for my Son the Lord Jesus Christ has sent two guards to lead him one by his right hand and the other by his left, they are by his side and no one can oppose him. He will overcome his adversaries so that they will become contrite of the sins which have taken hold of their hearts.” The woman asked the Blessed Virgin again, “…who are the guards who lead and guide him?” The Blessed Virgin Mary replied, “…they are the Apostles of my son Jesus Christ, Peter and Paul.”(3) At this the old woman woke up and the vision disappeared.

 

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Richard the Lion Heart was born on September 8, on the Feast dedicated to Our Lady’s Nativity. On May 18, 1189, he was crossing the River Seine in chase of a deer. Caught in the River Seine, Richard prayed for the intercession of the Virgin that if she saved him, he would undertake the task of building an abbey dedicated in her honor. He was miraculously saved and faithfully kept his pledge. The abbey was named ‘Notre Dame de Bonporte.’

In 1192, while on return from the Third Crusade, King Richard stopped at Dubrovnik, Croatia. His ship was caught in a storm in the Adriatic Sea. The King pledged the Blessed Virgin Mary that if he were saved, he would build two churches, one on the spot upon which he would step on land and another in England. Protected by Our Lady his ship took safe shelter at the Island of Lokrum, in Dubrovnik. The citizens of Dubrovnik learnt of Richard’s vow and convinced him to erect a church at Dubrovnik, while they pledged to build a small chapel at Lokrum. Before accepting the change, Richard sent the request to the Pope for being able to alter his vow. The changes to his vow were accepted. A church was constructed at Dubrovnik and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Benedictine Monastery of Saint Mary was built on the Island of Lokrum. In 1598, the Pope in Rome allowed the abbot of Lokrum to celebrate Pontifical Mass in the Cathedral of Dubrovnik on Candlemas, as a compensation for King Richard not having built the church on their Island. The Pope in Rome confirmed that the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin in Dubrovnik was indeed a votive offering by King Richard to Our Lady, for having saved him in the Adriatic Sea on return from the Third Crusade.

The Bishop Stubbs commented on Richard’s reputation of being a man of integrity and attended Mass on a daily basis. Saladin the Arabian King said of Richard that with the Islamic law and Allah as his witness, he acknowledged King Richard so splendidly upright, honest, magnanimous and excellent that if Jerusalem and the rest of the territories were to end in Christian hands he would rather see them under Richard’s rule than any other Christian he had ever known.

 

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On June 28, 1270, Prince Edward left Canterbury for the Eight Crusade. He was confronted with resistance, ungratefulness and a lack of zeal on the part of his Christian allies who had made peace with the Muslims in Tunis. After wintering in Sicily, he was the only Christian monarch to start for the Holy Lands. Following his example the English contingent departed with him. He contended against Baibers, the ruler of the Mameluks, the raider and assassin of thousands of Christians. In 1274, on his return to England he climbed aboard a ship from France. Soon after setting sail a large storm arose such that the ship was in imminent danger of being destroyed by the waves. The crew vowed to God that they would do whatever the Holy Spirit willed as long as the storm would abate, but alas the storm increased in magnitude. The crew now begged Edward to join them in the vow. He humbly accepted and pledged God and his Mother, the Blessed Virgin, that if they were to make it safely to shore he would build a monastery for the Cistercians in England. The monarch also pledged of endowing the monastery with riches, which would support one hundred monks forever. Immediately as he uttered this pledge, the storm abated.

The ship was broken in many places and when arriving on land, Edward was the last to descend. As soon as he disembarked, the ship broke in two halves. Through the intercession of Our Lady, in whose name Edward had made the vow, the ship was kept whole while Edward was inside. In England, Prince Edward was crowned King.

 

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King Philip de Valois of France was on August 23, 1338, attacked by the Flemings at Mount Cassel. He turned in faithful prayer towards the Blessed Virgin, who delivered Philip from the Flemings. On reaching Paris, in gratitude for her intercession, he entered the Cathedral of Notre Dame on horseback and went forward throughout the whole length of the nave, where he descended and laid down his weapons at her altar.

 

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In 1360 King Edward’s assault during Passion Week on the suburbs of Paris, which he desired to “…burn from sunrise to midday,” was soon ended by a storm of thunder and lightning and hail. Winds beat upon Edward’s army and many knights were electrocuted on their horses, as lightning shot down onto their armor. Due to this storm, King Edward turned devoutly towards ‘Our Lady of Chartres’ and pledged her to make peace with the French, if she delivered him and his army from the ferocity of the storm. The storm abated. During the hundred-year war, on May 1, 1360 at Bretigny, a truce between the French and the English was negotiated. For seven days, thirty-nine articles were discussed, on May 8, the ancient Feast of Saint Michael the Archangel (and Feast of Saint Acathius, a Roman Centurion in Hadrian’s Army who died as a Christian martyr in Diocletian’s reign and also the future Feast of Our Lady of Lujan, Argentina) both sides placed their seals to the Treaty of Bretigny. English soldiers walked barefoot into the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, to thank Our Lady for her aid at forging the Treaty and saving their lives.

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VIRGO POTENS

 

 

The English historian and member of Parliament, Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) wrote that: “A victorious line of march had been prolonged above a thousand miles from the rock of Gibraltar in Spain to the banks of the Loire in France; the repetition of an equal space would have carried the Saracens to the confines of Poland and the Highlands of Scotland; the Rhine is not more impassable than the Nile or Euphrates, and the Arabian Fleet might have sailed without a naval combat into the mouth of the River Thames. Perhaps the interpretation of the Qur’an would now be taught in the schools of Oxford, and her pulpits might demonstrate to a circumcised people the sanctity and truth of the revelation of Muhammed.”(4) The Moorish Governor of Spain, Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi, crossed the Pyrenees and invaded Loire where he met Charles in battle. In 732, Charles Martel and the Blessed Virgin halted the invading army of the Cordoban Emirate. Known as the Battle of Poitiers or the Battle of Tours, this was a crucial and decisive moment in the development of the European Christian civilization. The outcome secured Christianity in the region and prevented the Islamic takeover of the entire European Continent. Edward Gibbon’s hypothesis was thankfully prevented from turning into reality, however, England today seems threatened in like manner as never before.

October is the month dedicated to Our Lady’s Holy Rosary, within which are celebrated the modern Feast Days of ‘Our Lady of the Holy Rosary’ (October 7), ‘Our Lady’s Maternity’ (October 11), ‘Our Lady of the Pillar’ (October 12) and the last apparition of ‘Our Lady of Fatima’ (October 13). The Battle took place on October 10, 732, in the proximity of Tours and Poitiers in France. Previous to battle, Charles undertook certain preparations, which included the erection of numerous altars for the celebration of the Holy Mass and the supplication of the intercession of Our Lord and his Holy Mother for victory. In defense against the onslaught of the Moorish army, the Franks formed a large square formation. The Cordoban horsemen galloped towards Charles Martel’s forces. As the battle raged, Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi was slain, the Moors left the battlefield a day later, abandoning their tents and allowing the army of Gaul to recapture the loot.

The translation of the Arabic medieval chronicle, Isidore of Beja’s Chronicle, states,“…and in the shock of the battle the men of the North seemed like North a sea that cannot be moved. Firmly they stood, one close to another, forming as it were a bulwark of ice; and with great blows of their swords they hewed down the Arabs. Drawn up in a band around their chief, the people of the Austrasians carried all before them. Their tireless hands drove their swords downto the breasts (of the foe).”(5) The Moorish invasion was directed towards the Church of Saint Martin and the City of Tours, however failed miserably at achieving its objective at founding a Cordoban base. The outcome resulted in 300,000 fallen Moors, as opposed to 1,500  Franks.

The great medieval epic ‘Chanson de Roland’ has been one of the historical sources supplying information regarding the eventful battles taking place during King Charles’ Spanish Campaign. The ‘History of Charlemagne and Roland,’ otherwise known today as the ‘Pseudo-Turpin,’ was authored by a monk in Galicia (France) during the times of the First Crusade. The intention was to honor Saint James, the holy Apostle of Christ and encourage the pilgrimage to his tomb. Pope Chalixtinus II (1119-1124) declared the ‘History of Charlemagne and Roland’ (Pseudo-Turpin) as reliable and factual and based on true events which transpired in Charles’ day. In our modern times, altering history by discrediting Saint James’ apparitions surely does not bring the blessings and graces God bestowed upon Charles the Great.

An Islamic Prince, together with his invading army, caused stiff resistance against Charles’ Crusade. In 732, the Islamists fled to Spain and re-grouped in Aquitaine, France. One group inhabited a fortress situated on a cliff overhanging Lourdes and was referred to as the Castle of Mirambel. In 778, when Charles the Great returned from his Spanish Campaign, he laid siege to this castle. The commander of this garrison was called Mirat, a Jihadist who swore by Mohammed, that he would not surrender to any mortal man. Mirat was notoriously cunning, and the siege was bringing the fortified castle to a desperate situation. One day an eagle carrying a trout from the Gave River flew over the castle walls and dropped by accident the fish. Mirat had the idea of sending a messenger with the trout to Charles, as proof of the inexhaustible rations of the besieged garrison. Charles fell for the trick and was close to raising the siege. Fortunately, the army’s chaplain Bishop of Le Puy recognized the deception and obtained an audience with Mirat. The Bishop of Le Puy was sent as Charles’s emissary and met the Muslim confiding to him his own greatest treasure. The Islamists were at the end of their rations and the bishop saw for himself this fact and inquired about the refusal for surrender. Mirat spoke of his oath and the bishop replied: “Brave prince, you have sworn never to yield to any mortal man. Could you not with honor make your surrender to an immortal Lady? Mary, Queen of Heaven, has her throne at Le Puy, and I am her humble minister there. Would you desire also to serve this Queen and not surrender to men?”(6) The Islamic Commander was thus freed from his oath and received baptism at Le Puy under the name of ‘Lorus’ or ‘Lorda.’ He was then knighted by Charles and received the command of the Castle of Mirambel. Lourdes is derived from the name Lorus. One thousand years later this town witnessed the apparition of the Blessed Virgin to Saint Bernadette. Therefore, apart from Fatima, also does Lourdes relate to the conversion of Islamic Jihadists and Muslims to the knowledge of Redemption from the two falls.

An article appearing in CatholicLife magazine (October 2007) titled “Our Lady of Westminister and the ‘Dowry of Mary,’” written by Christine Waters describes how the English tradition regarding ‘Our Lady’s Dowry’ beginning with King Edward the Confessor, during those times when the Holy House of Walsingham and Westminister Abbey were established, has a historical basis. According to the article’s author ‘Our Lady of the Pew’ or ‘Puy’ was venerated by King Edward III and his family in a building overlooking the Thames River called the Chapel of St. Stephen. A richly adorned statue of Our Lady of the Pew was present during King Edwards’s times (1355) and during King Henry III’s rule (1250), when devotion to Our Lady of the Pew in Westminister Palace was referred to as “the chapel in the King’s garden.” A second statue was donated by Countess Marie de St Paul in the 1370s and placed in the Benedictine Abbey of Westminister. This second statue became an object of veneration by the general public and it seems that this devotion might have surpassed Walsingham. The author cleverly points out the following, that the year 1380 was crucial for defining the tradition that Our Lady was the seat of power and authority in England. The English tradition of England as being Our Lady’s Dowry (up to the year 1380) must be quickly mentioned in point form. First on the list is the Glastonbury details of the wattle chapel dedicated to Our Lady and of Joseph of Arimathea’s (Our Lady’s uncle) burying place, secondly England was the place where the Christian Emperor Constantine was first acclaimed Augustus, thirdly the details regarding the devotion of King Arthur or Arturus to Our Lady, later followed King Alfred the Great’s victory at Ethandune by way of Our Lady’s intercession and lastly, William the Conqueror’s Norman crusade to England bearing a Papal banner of Our Lady given to him by the Roman Pontiff himself, however more must be added to these events. During William the Conqueror’s time there exists a story relating to the Immaculate Conception which is described in this chapter. There also exists the obvious element of St George as being Our Lady’s Knight battling the Dragon/Devil, (representing England battling the might of ancient Rome) however, the influence of the French Kings’ devotions to Our Lady and this influence on England should also be taken into consideration. Christine Waters argues that the devotion of Our Lady of the Pew was greatly established and venerated by both the Royal Family and the English populace by the year 1380.

 

Interestingly the word ‘Pew’ is associated with the French word ‘Puissant’ or ‘Powerful’ and also associated with the French Shrine of Our Lady of Le Puy in Auvergne. This title also means ‘Virgin of Strong Support’ or ‘Virgo Potens.’

 

Therefore, by 1380 Our Lady’s power at protecting and delivering the English Nation was evident by the devotion to Our Lady of the Pew at Westminister: “…the ancient seat of government and authority.” However, the public dedication of England to Our Lady occurred in 1381 when after Mass and praying before the statue of Our Lady of the Pew, King Richard II successfully quelled a rebel army referred to as the Peasant’s Revolt. He carried St George’s banner and following his victory as a votive offering, placed this banner at the feet of the statue at Westminister. He publically placed his Kingdom under Our Lady’s protection. These victories and events should be seriously taken into consideration by the frequenters of 60 Great Queen Street London, as Our Lady is the true protector of England unlike her nemesis the Dragon/Devil, the Grand Architect of the Universe. But alas, the battle between the followers of Our Lady and of her enemy raged and during the Masonically enlightened years of the French Revolution a painting which was commissioned by King Richard II, of himself and his Queen presenting England to Our Lady which bore the inscription “Dos tua Virgo pia haec est” or “This is your dowry, pious Virgin” was destroyed at the English College at Rome in 1798.

On February 10, 1399, the Archbishop of Canterbury issued a mandate which fulfilled the wish of King Richard II to place the Kingdom under her protection. The mandate read as follows, “The contemplation of the great mystery of the Incarnation has brought all Christian nations to venerate her from whom came the beginnings of redemption. But we, as the humble servents of her inheritance, and liegemen of her especial dower (as we are approved by common parlance) ought to excel all others in the favour of our praises and devotion to her.”(7) Evidently this was an early form of consecration of England to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

The most amazing details regarding these events are the facts that Our Lady chose England during William the Conqueror’s times to strengthen the devotion to her Immaculate Conception in the west and even more striking the fact that the date given above regarding the ‘consecration’ of England to Our Lady (February 10) is the eve of the Catholic Feast-day dedicated to Our Lady of Lourdes, where in our modern times Our Lady publically declared herself as being the Immaculate Conception!

In ‘Ipotesi su Maria’ (Italy, 2005) the eminent journalist and Catholic writer Mr. Vittorio Messori, on pages 160-167, goes further in explaining the connection of Lourdes with France and European protection and much other. Mr Messori first explains how the clothing of Our Lady, that is a white dress or habit bith blue and silver colours represent ancient Judaic clothing, he interprets this as to indicate that Our Lady desires to reveal that she is a daughter of Zion (interestingly Pope Benedict dedicates a book on Our Lady as being the Daughter of Zion) this however does not make her a Zionist for the Talmud describes her as being a harlot – the blasphemy of blasphemies! Anyway, Mr Vittorio Messori describes how the entire French region of ancient Bigorre was by virtue of the conversion of Mirat to Lorus in 732 consecrated to Our Lady. An ancient tradition of carrying a spear/javelin with grass tied to it, maybe signifying the fact that Our Lady of Le Puy had released Mirat from his Islamic oath, was still carried out till the twentieth century. Following Lorus in his steps, the French King performed this tradition and pilgrimage which the converted Muslim had begun. The French King gave the land to Our Lady of Le Puy whom the French Kings now referred to as the Countess of the region of Bigorre. The tradition was kept for many centuries since 732 AD.

Following the work of the secret fraternal societies dedicated to Lucifer, the French Revolution occured and the rights of the land or region of Bigorre were to be handed from the French Crown to the Republic in 1859. However, Our Lady appeared in 1858 at Lourdes reclaiming the land for herself.

 

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